Health & Hygiene

Lyme Disease In Canines

Written by Nancy Boland

Lyme disease is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world. It is caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. Symptoms include inflammation in the joints, lethargy and there may also be a lack of appetite and depression.


Many dogs with Lyme disease have recurrent lameness of the limbs due to inflammation of the joints. Others may develop acute lameness, which lasts for only three to four days but recurs days to weeks later, with lameness in the same leg, or in other legs.

Some dogs may also develop kidney problems. If left untreated, it may lead to inflammation and kidney dysfunction. Eventually, total kidney failure sets in and the dog begins to exhibit such signs as vomiting, diarrhoea, lack of appetite, weight loss, increased urination and thirst, fluid build-up in the abdomen and fluid build-up in the tissues, especially the legs and under the skin.

lyme disease 1

Other symptoms associated with Lyme disease include:

  • Stiff walk with an arched back
  • Sensitive to touch
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever
  • Lack of apetite
  • Superficial lymph nodes


Tthe bacteria responsible for Lyme disease, is transmitted by slow-feeding, hard-shelled deer ticks. Infection usually occurs after the Borrelia-carrying tick has been attached to the dog for at least 18 hours.


A complete blood profile will be conducted, including a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis. Your vet will use these tests to look for the presence of bacteria, parasites, and fungi in the bloodstream.


If the diagnosis is Lyme disease, your dog will be treated with antibiotics. It is important that you keep your dog warm and dry, and you will need to control its activity until the clinical signs have improved. The recommended period for treatment is four weeks.

Unfortunately, symptoms do not always completely resolve in some dogs. In fact, long-term joint pain may continue even after the bacterium has been fully eradicated from your dog’s system.


If possible, avoid allowing your dog to roam in tick-infested environments where Lyme borreliosis is common. Always check your dog after walks, especially in areas with tall grass and fields where ticks thrive.

About the author

Nancy Boland

I'm Nancy, owner of a very spoiled, one eyed Jack Russell called Basil. I'm a trainee veterinarian with a love for all things dogs. I'm especially passionate about dog adoption and always advocate rescue and enjoy writing about canine health and nutrition, alongside overall well-being tips for happy dogs!