Allergies are not just for humans. In fact, there are several dogs that suffer from allergies without their owners even knowing about it. Your dog cannot talk, so it is your responsibility as the owner to make sure that you are doing everything possible to treat your dog for any possible allergies. This will not only allow your pet to be happier and more comfortable, but could also lead to a longer life.
When it comes to pet allergies, there are two main categories that the allergies fall into. The first category is Atopy. This is a group that covers any of the allergies your dog might be suffering from due to things that are being inhaled such as pollen and some grasses. A dog food allergy is the other major group that dog allergies fall into. This includes anything that your dog is ingesting that they might be allergic to. Very rarely will a dog have an allergy that is based on the skin itself.
The majority of allergies will show up as skin problems. While this is the case, rarely is it necessary to do anything to the skin to treat the problems. Often, the vet will recommend a course of action to soothe the skin to make the problem more bearable, but the problems need to be treated from within.
Dog Atopy Symptoms and Causes
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The most common causes of atopy with dogs is from pollen and grass. Dust mites have been known to cause problems for dogs as well as the carcasses from fleas. Identifying the cause of the allergy is the first step in getting rid of the problem. The best way to identify the problem is through a skin test. Administering a small amount of the irritant using a prick system will create specific reactions that can be measured and noted for treatment. In most cases, a shot will be administered to help in controlling the reaction to the irritant. Some vets also recommend certain bathing solutions or swallowed medication including antihistamines.
Dog Food Allergies
Slightly less common are the food allergies that dogs have. These are similar in nature to the food allergies that humans have. Everything from wheat allergies to gluten allergies are common in dogs. Again, the problem will surface as a skin condition or may surface as lethargy and nausea. In order to determine what the food allergy is, you will need to go through a detailed food elimination diet. This will remove things from the diet one at a time until you recognise where the problem is. Once you have identified exactly what the allergy is, you will need to take extra care in reading the ingredient lists for the different products you are purchasing. This makes it possible for you to choose the foods that are going to agree with your dog’s system. If it is necessary, you may find it necessary to make your own food.
Always consult and work with your vet to make sure you are getting the right diagnosis and treatment program for your pet.